Today is the 130th birth anniversary of great Indian Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan and so is National Mathematics Day.
Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on 22 December 1887 in Erode, Tamil Nadu. He is a man known for his work done in the field of mathematics. And that too with no formal training of that subject which others are getting in European countries. Ramanujan developed his own mathematical research in isolation. Some extraordinary contribution done by him in the field of mathematics are – mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions. Along with this, the legend has provided many theorems.
He was enrolled into Telegu School, but found it too tiring and uninteresting to attend school and mostly he use to ran away from there. Later in 1904, he graduated from Town Higher Secondary School. He also received a scholarship to study at Government Arts College in Kumbakonam. During his studies he was so influenced by studying mathematics that he could not focus on any other subject and failed in all of them. This resulted him in losing the scholarship. Later, without any degree, he left the college and continued to pursue independent research in mathematics.
His unconditional love for mathematics was driving him to develop new things for that subject, but to support his livelihood he was working as a clerk in the Accountant-General's office at the Madras Port Trust Office. He kept working on inventing new mathematical theorems and continuously tried contacting the experts from west. G.H. Hardy, an academician at the University of Cambridge, recognized the brilliant work produced by Ramanujan and invited him to visit and work with him at Cambridge. Here, Ramanujan became a Fellow of the Royal Society and a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.
Some of the known works, produced by this great mind, are - Landau–Ramanujan constant, Mock theta functions, Ramanujan conjecture, Ramanujan prime, Ramanujan theta function, Ramanujan's sum, Rogers–Ramanujan identities and Ramanujan's master theorem.
Ramanujan died on 26th April, 1920, when he was only 32 years of age. In this short life he gave around 3900 results, mostly equations and identities and almost all of them prove to be correct and original.
G. H. Hardy liked to rank mathematicians on a scale of 1 to 100, and he gave himself 25, Littlewood 30, David Hilbert 80, and Ramanujan 100, which shows just how great Ramanujan was.
The Indian mathematical genius Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on 22 December 1887. It was in recognition of his contribution to mathematics the Government of India decided to celebrate Ramanujan's birthday as the National Mathematics Day every year and to celebrate 2012 as the National Mathematical Year.
Please check the following Album having more information about him.